National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment |

National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment

Unpacking Relationships: Instruction and Student Outcomes

What is the relationship between instruction and student outcomes? We know that for students to persist, complete, and achieve success in college, the learning environment matters. Students need to feel integrated into academic and social culture, but integration is not enough. They must be engaged. The more engaged students are in learning environments, the more likely they are to complete, learn, and be satisfied. Further, student beliefs about their academic ability influence their success in education, and faculty interactions sit at the intersection of reinforcing or debunking student beliefs.

Yet, the evidence-based practices that we know impact student outcomes and instruction, while widely documented as effective, are not widely used in practice. While learning is a highly complicated process dependent upon a variety of factors, teaching is an equally complicated activity focused upon creating an environment in which students can and do learn and are able to be successful. This paper explores five areas of intersection between instruction and student outcomes, arguing that what faculty do and how instruction occurs matter, and matter greatly.

Unpacking Relationships: Instruction and Student Outcomes

Please cite as: Jankowski, N. A. (2017). Unpacking Relationships: Instruction and Student Outcomes. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.

American Council on Education (ACE) is the major coordinating body for the nationís colleges and universities. ACE represents nearly 1,800 college and university presidents and the executives at related associations, and is the only major higher education association to represent all types of U.S. accredited, degree-granting institutions: two-year and four-year, public and private.